Dr. Snehal Shankar Gaikwad is the director, consultant, and Best Nephrologist in Moshi Puneat Swanand Kidney Clinic, Bhosari, and Imperial Multispeciality Hospital, Chikali. She is a Renal Specialist practicing in Pune and PCMC and has experience of 11 years in her field. She did her MBBS from Grant Medical College, Sir JJ Group of Hospitals, Mumbai. After completing an internship, She went on to do MD in Internal Medicine from MGMMC, Indore completing the course in 2012. She has secured a Gold medal in MD Medicine. She secured 3rd rank in All India level Superspeciality DNB entrance and did her DNB Nephrology from prestigious Muljibhai Patel Urological Hospital, Nadiad, Gujarat.
Acute Kidney Injury
Acute Kidney Injury is an abrupt decline in renal function/ urine output over hours to days. These cause build-up of excess salts &/or fluids and metabolic waste products in the body.
Infections can occur anywhere in the urinary tract, i.e. kidneys, ureter, urinary bladder, or urethra. Most commonly the lower urinary tract is affected: urinary bladder (cystitis) or urethra (urethritis).
A kidney stone is a deposit of Minerals &/or acid salts formed in concentrated urine in the kidney. These stones may thence stay like it is in the kidney or migrate to the ureter or below. Kidney stones have varied presentation
The presence of blood in urine is called Hematuria. It is broadly classified into two types gross: visible to the naked eye or that can be seen and reported by the patient and second type as Microscopic:
Proteinuria has increased levels of protein in the urine. The presence of protein in urine could be transient after strenuous exercise or persistently raised as in secondary to underlying kidney disease.
Patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) who develop acute kidney injury have increased morbidity and mortality rates, and prolonged length of stay in ICU and hospital which adds to increased hospitalization costs.
Chronic kidney disease is a medical condition characterized by gradual loss of kidney function over months to years. Since the process occurs slowly over months to years, often the patients have minimal to no symptoms in the early stages.